The Seven Elements of Interior Design | Part One

Interior design is the harmony of art and science to create not only a functional space but one that is aesthetically appealing as well.  We may not all have a keen eye for design, but knowing the fundamental elements can help improve your personal style and design.  The rules can be broken to express creativity, but knowing how and when to use them is essential for creating a purposeful and beautiful environment.  Here are the seven elements of interior design you need to know when designing your space.


Functionality is imperative to developing a well-thought out and functional atmosphere.  Nothing can make a room less inviting than a poorly-spaced or obtrusive environment. When considering your space, do not think on two dimensions but expand your conception towards the three-dimensional.  Do your furnishing and décor not only create adequate space horizontally but allow the area to feel opened vertically as well?  Your home should find the sweet spot of balance between over furnished and too empty. 


Lines are the “meat and potatoes” of your design.  Without lines, you would not have the other elements in which they contribute to in the design.  There are three types of lines to consider in interior design: horizontal, vertical, and dynamic.   

  • Horizontal lines are the lines, which are established by being parallel to the horizon.  These can be stripes on the wall, desktops, coffee tables, or other lines that contribute to this horizontal plane.  Horizontal lines create layering in the environment and depth. 
  • Vertical lines can be formed through anything running up and down in the space.  Windows, doorways, and pillars are some of the few ways these lines are created in an environment.  This gives the room height and contrasts with horizontal lines. 
  • Dynamic lines are great for adding a dramatic effect like staircases or asymmetrical lines which ties everything together.  These simple lines are always there, but learn how to allow them to harmonize and complement each other is another challenge. 

These two elements are very vital in creating a balanced atmosphere.  All of the elements need to be in harmony with one another to form a unified space.  Check out part two to have a greater understanding of the seven elements of interior design.  If you can master all seven in your home, you have accomplished a perfectly synchronized environment. 

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